To break the molecules of H2O in water into their individual gasses, a process of electrolysis is used with a selection of Stainless Steel plates, an electrolyte, and a supply of voltage. There are many extra control devices and mechanisms that can be used, but the main feature of a HHO Generator is the Plate Array.My thanks go to "Smack Boosters" for the diagram below:
Plate Configuration Differences:
|Different designers use different configurations, the main point is to produce the most gas with the least amperage and heat.|
You can see in the diagram at the side that the + (positive) is attached to one side of the array, and bridged to the opposite side with a strap below. The - (negative) sits calmly in the middle. The rest of the plates are Neutral.
When powered up, the power flows down the positive and attempts to jump to the negative through the electrolyte solution. If the space between the + & - did not have any Neutral plates, there would be very little if any HHO produced. The neutral plates allow for a perpetuation of the electrical field, and in doing so also allows a surface for the production of gas. If you had the + and - plates right next to each other you would be blowing fuses constantly. With the electrolyte and the closeness of the plates it would amount to a short circuit.
Design differences can have longer thinner plates - Less spacing between - Less or more neutral plates etc. Couple this with different intensities of electrolytes in water and a varying power supply - The end product is HHO gas and decreased fuel use in your car.
The design of the plate array shown in the diagram above was made so that anyone could build a Generator from every day materials with very little effort. The use of the SS nuts spaced between each group of plates does make an effective generator but tests have proven that for maximum HHO production you need the plates closer together and at equal distances from each other.
Using the electrolyte as a conductor, the current travels from the + from plate to plate in an attempt to get to the -. The larger the gap between the plates, the more resistance there is to the passage of current, the more heat there will be generated and the more amperage will be required to do the job.
Independent tests have shown that with the plates much closer together you require considerably less electrolyte to generate up to 50% more gas using considerably less power.
The gas is a mix of two parts Hydrogen and one part Oxygen (H2O). The Hydrogen is generated from the negative plate, and the oxygen is generated from the positive plate.
There is also gas produced from the Neutral plates with the varying + & - electromagnetic fields as the current jumps from plate to plate through the electrolyte.